All Questions
Попередній:3.37 Чи з конфірмацією Святий Дух сходить на нас вдруге?
Наступний:3.39 Як мені правильно сповідатися?

3.38 Чому слід сповідатися перед священиком, а не просто перед Богом?


Усім своїм серцем Ісус хоче пробачити людям їхні гріхи. Це остаточна причина, чому Він помер на хресті! Щоб прощати гріхи, Ісус встановив таїнство примирення, також відоме як Сповідь.

Апостолам та їхнім наступникам (єпископам і священикам) було сказано прощати людям їхні гріхи в ім’я Бога (Ів. 20:21-23) JІв. 20:21-23: Тоді знову сказав їм Ісус: Мир вам! Як Отець послав Мене, і Я вас посилаю! Сказавши оце, Він дихнув, і говорить до них: Прийміть Духа Святого! Кому гріхи простите, простяться їм, а кому затримаєте, то затримаються!. Коли священик відпускає вам ваші гріхи (відпущення), ви справді прощені Богом. Тому немає підстав сумніватися, чи прощені ваші гріхи. У додатку #TwGOD ви можете знайти слова прощення багатьма мовами.

Бог хоче, щоб ми знали: якщо ми сповідаємося чесно і з каяттям, наші гріхи прощаються. Тому Він наказав священикам прощати від Його імені.
Мудрість Церкви

Why is there a sacrament of Reconciliation after Baptism?

Since the new life of grace received in Baptism does not abolish the weakness of human nature nor the inclination to sin (that is, concupiscence), Christ instituted this sacrament for the conversion of the baptized who have been separated from him by sin. [CCCC 297]

Who is the minister of this sacrament?

Christ has entrusted the ministry of Reconciliation to his apostles, to the bishops who are their successors and to the priests who are the collaborators of the bishops, all of whom become thereby instruments of the mercy and justice of God. They exercise their power of forgiving sins in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit. [CCCC 307]

What names are there for the sacrament of Penance?

The sacrament of Penance is also called the sacrament of Reconciliation, of forgiveness, of conversion, or of confession. [Youcat 225]

But we have Baptism, which reconciles us with God; why then do we need a special sacrament of Reconciliation?

Baptism does snatch us from the power of sin and death and brings us into the new life of the children of God, but it does not free us from human weakness and the inclination to sin. That is why we need a place where we can be reconciled with God again and again. That place is confession.

It does not seem like a modern thing to go to confession; it can be difficult and may cost a great deal of effort at first. But it is one of the greatest graces that we can receive again and again in our life—it truly renews the soul, completely unburdens it, leaving it without the debts of the past, accepted in love, and equipped with new strength. God is merciful, and he desires nothing more earnestly than for us, too, to lay claim to his mercy. Someone who has gone to confession turns a clean, new page in the book of his life. [Youcat 226]

Who instituted the sacrament of Penance?

Jesus himself instituted the sacrament of Penance when he showed himself to his apostles on Easter day and commanded them, “Receive the Holy Spirit. If you forgive the sins of any, they are forgiven; if you retain the sins of any, they are retained” (Jn 20:22a–23).

Nowhere did Jesus express more beautifully what happens in the sacrament of Penance than in the parable of the Prodigal son: We go astray, we are lost and can no longer hope. Yet our Father waits for us with great, indeed, infinite longing; he forgives us when we come back; he takes us in again, forgives our sins. Jesus himself forgave the sins of many individuals; it was more important to him than working miracles. He regarded this as the great sign of the dawning of the kingdom of God, in which all wounds are healed and all tears are wiped away. Jesus forgave sins in the power of the Holy Spirit, and he handed that power on to his apostles. We fall into the arms of our heavenly Father when we go to a priest and confess. [Youcat 227]

Who can forgive sins?

God alone can forgive sins. Jesus could say “Your sins are forgiven” (Mk 2:5) only because he is the Son of God. And priests can forgive sins in Jesus’ place only because Jesus has given them that authority.

Many people say, “I can go directly to God; why do I need a priest?” God, though, wants it otherwise. We rationalize our sins away and like to sweep things under the rug. That is why God wants us to tell our sins and to acknowledge them in a personal encounter. Therefore, the following words from the Gospel are true of priests: “If you forgive the sins of any, they are forgiven; if you retain the sins of any, they are retained” (Jn 20:23). [Youcat 228]

What sins must be confessed?

Under normal circumstances, all serious sins that one remembers after making a thorough examination of conscience and that have not yet been confessed can be forgiven only in individual sacramental confession.

Of course there will be reluctance before making a confession. Overcoming it is the first step toward interior healing. Often it helps to think that even the Pope has to have the courage to confess his failings and weaknesses to another priest—and thereby to God. Only in life-or-death emergencies (for instance, during an airstrike in wartime or on other occasions when a group of people are in danger of death) can a priest administer “general absolution” to a group of people without the personal confession of sins beforehand. However, afterwards, one must confess serious sins in a personal confession at the first opportunity. [Youcat 233]

Can I make a confession even if I have not committed any serious sins?

Confession is a great gift of healing that brings about closer union with the Lord, even if, strictly speaking, you do not have to go to confession.

In Taizé, at Catholic conferences, at World Youth Day celebrations – everywhere, you see young people being reconciled with God. Christians who take seriously their decision to follow Jesus seek the joy that comes from a radical new beginning with God. Even the saints went to confession regularly, if possible. They needed it in order to grow in humility and charity, so as to allow themselves to be touched by God’s healing light even in the inmost recesses of their souls. [Youcat 235]

May a priest later repeat something he has learned in confession?

No. Under no circumstances. The secrecy of the confessional is absolute. Any priest who would tell another person something he had learned in the confessional would be excommunicated. Even to the police, the priest cannot say or suggest anything.

There is hardly anything that priests take more seriously than the seal of the confessional. There are priests who have suffered torture for it and have gone to their deaths. Therefore, you can speak candidly and unreservedly to a priest and confide in him with great peace of mind, because his only job at that moment is to be entirely “the ear of God”. [Youcat 238]

Ось що говорять про це Отці Церкви

Як бачимо, гріхи прощаються через Святого Духа. Але люди використовують своє служіння для прощення гріхів, вони не користуються силою будь-якої власної влади. Бо вони прощають гріхи не в своє ім’я, але в ім’я Отця, і Сина, і Святого Духа. Вони просять, Бог дає, служіння є від людини, дар – від вищої Сили. [св. Амвросій, Про Святого Духа, кн. 3, розд. 18 (ML 16, 808)]

Нехай ніхто ані гріхами, ані роками не затримується у здобутті спасіння. Для того, хто ще залишився в цьому світі, покаятись не пізно. Підхід до Божого прощення відкритий, а для тих, хто шукає і розуміє істину, доступ легкий... Прощення дається тому, хто сповідається, а тому, хто вірить, рятівне прощення надається з Божої доброти. [св. Кипріан, до Деметріяна, розд. 25 (ML 4, 563)]